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发表于 2017-11-8 12:31:01 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Venezuela’s unhappiness over an updated Maritime law may be much ado about nothing, according to an official of the Guyana Government.Earlier this week,Krystian Bielik Arsenal Jersey UK, a Venezuela newspaper, El Universal, quoted Foreign Affair officials as saying that they stand ready to fight, via the diplomatic channels, a Maritime Bill recently passed in Guyana which may affect their territorial interests, which include some claims in Essequibo.Government is getting ready to enact the Maritime Zones Bill 2009, already approved by the Parliament.El Universal said that while that country has not taken a stance yet on the law because it has not been enacted, it will be refused by the government by diplomatic means when that happens.However, yesterday, Guyana’s Foreign Affairs Minister, Carolyn Rodrigues-Birkett, pointed out that the Maritime Zone Bill 2009, which is an updated one from 1977,China NBA Jerseys, has not made any changes to areas of concerns raised in the newspaper’s report.The clauses in the new Bill, which is set to be enacted shortly, are virtually the same as the one of 1977.The 2009 Bill set the guidelines on marine and submarine limits under the Convention on the Law of the Sea, to which Guyana is a party, but not Venezuela.Minister Rodrigues-Birkett had explained that the Bill attempts “to safeguard the rights of Guyana over 200 miles of exclusive economic zone.”Under Clause 35 of the law, “delimitation of the boundaries of territorial seas located between any states opposed or adjacent to Guyana,Wholesale Jerseys China, will be agreed between Guyana and said state; in the absence of an agreed upon solution, neither state is authorised to extend its territorial waters beyond the so-called midline.”According to the newspaper’s report, Venezuela’s National Academy of Engineering and Habitat, in a newsletter, is certain that the proposal refers to “agreeing with Venezuela, because definition of (Guyana’s) borders with Suriname was possible upon the decision of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in 2007.”Delimitation of marine and submarine waters with Guyana is a pending task, because Venezuela insists on claiming the land portion to the west of river Essequibo, and under said law, Guyana sets guidelines to establish its maritime boundaries without taking into account the Venezuelan claim,Cheap NFL Jerseys, the report said.According to the report, the projection of the so-called midline harms Venezuela, because the outline of the geo-morphological inclination favours Guyana.Clause 37 of the Bill states that any disputes that may arise for failure to reach an agreement on delimitation between the parties will be settled under the provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.The Convention sets forth in article 286 that in the event of not reaching a bilateral agreement, “any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention shall, where no settlement has been reached by recourse to section 1, be submitted, at the request of any party to the dispute, to the court or tribunal having jurisdiction under this section.”The newspaper report contended that this runs counter to the spirit of the Geneva Agreement executed on February 16,Cheap NFL Jerseys Wholesale, 1966, which states as an objective “satisfactory solutions for the practical settlement of the controversy between Venezuela and the United Kingdom which has arisen as the result of the Venezuelan contention that the Arbitral Award of 1899 about the frontier between British Guiana and Venezuela is null and void.”Under international law, a practical settlement allows for political solutions,Wholesale Authentic Jerseys, but the Maritime Zones Bill 2009 paves the way to resort to another jurisdiction, such as an international court, upon the decision of either party,NFL Jerseys Outlet, not by common consent.
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